USE OF COMPRESSIBLE EXPANDED POLYSTYRENE BLOCKD AND GEOGRIDS FOR RETAINING WALL STRUCTURES(S&F2002)
YOSHIMICHI TSUKAMOTO（Tokyo University of Science）・KENJI ISHIHARA（Ditto）・HIROHITO KON（GEOTOP）・TAKAYUKI MASUO（Taiyo Kogyo Corp）
■発行所：Japanese Geotechnical Society
The use of a compressible layer such as expanded polystyrene blocks behind a rigid retaining wall and geogrid layers embedded in a dense granular backfill is examined as a reinforcement technique for retaining wall structures. The mobile model retaining walls adjacent to reinforced model specimens are subjected to different surcharge pressures, and are caused to move lateral]y to measure the lateral earth pressure during the wall movement. The coefficients of earth pressure at rest and active earth pressure are carefully inferred from test results. Three series of tests are conducted; one test series with expanded polystyrene blocks installed behind the wall, another with geogrid layers embedded within model specimens, and the last series with expanded polystyrene blocks installed behind the wall and geogrid layers fixed between two adjacent expanded polystyrene blocks and embedded within model specimens. The reductions in the earth pressure at rest and the active earth pressure due to various patterns of reinforcement are interpreted in relation to the concept of controlled yielding of ccutpressible expanded polystyrene blocks, tensile strains induced along geogrid layers, fixity between expanded polystyrene blocks and geogrid layers, and a facing unit consisting of expanded polystyrene blocks.